A bridge was built across the Charles between Charlestown and Boston in -- before that the only way to leave Boston by land was out Roxbury Neck.
This forest cover gave the soil protection against erosion and thus the hills had accumulated through the many centuries a rich and fertile humus.
It overwhelmed everything in its path. By the time the Revolution came, this was about the physical condition of Winthrop, Revere and Chelsea. One murder was considered wiped out by another. They were too busy to write, even if they could have done so.
The Indians, of course, had cleared little areas here and there by fire for their corn but they were not farmers. A catalog of wild animals of Winthrop, made by the late George McNeil, includes such as: Bordering us by the south and west lay splendid waterways for future commerce Here the chief was attacked by raiding Tarrantines inand although he and his men fought valiantly, they were all slaughtered.
The forests were wiped out.
To serve the needs of these farms, several roads were laid out. Eventually they too will be worn to stumps but by then New England may grow a new crop of snow-covered peaks. This was only the careless use of a derogatory adjective, for the Indians as a whole were cleaner about their person than the average settler.
At a single shot a man or boy could bring home 20 pounds or so of the most highly prized meat. Under careful guard, the unlucky Frenchmen were taken from one Indian village to the next and exhibited to the curiosity of the savages.
In any event, the Indians were very nearly wiped out of existence; only an impotent handful remaining. During the years of joint habitation by whites and reds, no settler ever thought of making any record or preserving any tools and materials of the Indian.
The damage winter northeasters sometimes do to even these modern sea walls, shows that we have reined back, not entirely halted the ocean. Being soft as compared with rock, they have been greatly eroded.
From most points of view this has proved to be good -- for it has prevented the town from suffering the various evils and discomforts of industrial concentration.
Out in present Roxbury, Justice Paul Dudley planted a garden in which he reported, he grew eight hundred peaches upon a single tree and that he grew pears "eight inches around the bulge. There have been seen a thousand in one day There is some evidence of importance that the tribesmen the Puritans found here, were not here very long, being comparatively newcomers.
It is one of the best sources of information about the Massachusetts Bay Colony, if for no other reason, it being the only thing of its kind. Morton reported in"I have often had a thousand geese at the end of my gun. Winthrop, its woods, fields and beaches, was a nursery for multitudes of birds.
The melted ice rushing through and over these moraines shaped them into outwash plains, kames and eskers. However, it is probable that they lived like the other Massachusetts Indians in nearby areas.The History of Winthrop Massachusetts by William H.
Clark. Winthrop Centennial Committee Winthrop, Massachusetts Note: THE author desires to express appreciation for the kindness of many people who have cooperated in .Download