Polybius gives us three events that led to the Second Punic War, and none of these events actually involved Hannibal himself. This was not the case with Carthage. Many people believe that the Second Punic War started as a result of Hannibal and the Carthaginians laying siege to the city of Saguntum, and crossing the river of Ebro going against the treaty from the First Punic War.
Was he right to assume that it was the actions of Hannibal and the Carthaginians that led to the war, or was there some other underlying events that took place the actually caused the Second Punic War?
Something that Polybius says, which I agree with, is that these events might be described as the beginnings of the war, but should by no means agree that they constituted its cause. Polybius tells us that the real reason that there was a renewal of activates between Carthage and Rome boiled down to these three factors.
By placing this hatred in the hearts and minds of the Carthaginian people and his son Hannibal this was the actual reason that led to the Second Punic War. For these reasons Polybius tells us that Hamilcar Barca played an important role in bringing about the Second Punic War even though he died ten years before the actual war took place.
This raises a very large question on the part of Polybius. However it seems that actions of the Roman state played a large part in provoking the war. Rome was use to ending their wars in complete victory and absorbing the other warring state in to Rome itself.
The first was the bitterness and anger of Hamilcar Barca at the end of the First Punic War when he was forced to surrender despite being undefeated in Sicily. What Polybius was saying was that the events of the First Punic War and the success in Spain distilled a hatred for Rome in the Carthaginian people but more importantly his son Hannibal.
The final reason that Polybius gives us is the fact that Carthaginian enterprise in to Spain was so successful. The second factor, which Polybius tells us is the most important is the Roman seizure of Sardinia, while Carthage was still reeling form the result of the Mercenary Rebellion.
It is my belief that Polybius assumption was correct in a sense. However I would have to agree more with the view of Goldsworthy on the reason why hostile activities between Carthage and Rome resumed.
Polybius is someone who gives a very good account of the events that led to the war, blaming the Carthaginians for causing the war.The Causes Of The Second Punic War Essays: OverThe Causes Of The Second Punic War Essays, The Causes Of The Second Punic War Term Papers, The Causes Of The Second Punic War Research Paper, Book Reports.
ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access. The cause of the Second Punic War is an issue of some great debate. Polybius is someone who gives a very good account of the events that led to the war, blaming the Carthaginians for causing the war/5(1).
The Second Punic war “was the greatest and most dangerous one Rome was compelled to fight on their way to the conquest of the Mediterranean.
Causes of the Second Punic War The Second Punic war “was the greatest and most dangerous one Rome was compelled to fight on their way to the conquest of the Mediterranean.” With 17 years of battle causing heavy casualties to be suffered on both sides, the Second Punic War has proven to be an important time period in the Roman.
In this essay I will look into the causes of the Second Punic War with the intention of backing up Polybius argument that the war on Saguntum was just the first incident and not a cause as Livy views it.
I will be doing this with close analysis of our ancient sources. In this essay I will look into the causes of the Second Punic War with the intention of backing up Polybius argument that the war on Saguntum was just the first incident and not a cause as Livy views it.Download