During his speech to the General Assembly of the United Nations on September 19,he held a coca leaf in his hand to demonstrate its innocuity. Specifically, it lists Coca Erythroxylonits preparations, derivatives, alkaloids and salts, including: National Company of the Coca a government enterprise in Peru.
The effort to enforce these provisions, referred to as coca eradicationhas involved many strategies, ranging from aerial spraying of herbicides on coca crops to assistance and incentives to encourage farmers to grow alternative crops. Critics of the effort claim  that it creates hardship primarily for the coca growers, many of whom are poor and have no viable alternative way to make a living, causes environmental problems, that it is not effective in reducing the supply of cocaine, in part because cultivation can move to other areas, and that any social harm created by drug abuse is only made worse by the War on Drugs.
The drink was never sold widely in Colombia and efforts to do so ended in May when it was abruptly banned by the Colombian government.
Before the criminalization of cocaine, however, the extract was not decocainized. Netherlands[ edit ] In the Netherlands, coca leaf is legally in the same category as cocaine, both are List I drugs of the Opium Law.
A decocainized extract of coca leaf is one of the flavoring ingredients in Coca-Cola. Coca consumers claim that most of the information provided about the traditional use of the coca leaf and its modern adaptations are erroneous. A single objection would have been sufficient to block the modification.
In the case of Argentina, it is legal only in some northern provinces where the practice is so common that the state has accepted it. A Peruvian-based company has announced plans to market a modern version of Vin Marianiwhich will be available in both natural and de-cocainized varieties.
The Convention determined that "The Parties shall so far as possible enforce the uprooting of all coca bushes which grow wild.
The Opium Law specifically mentions the leaves of the plants of the genus Erythroxylon. It was requested of the United Nations by the permanent representative of Peru, and was prepared by a commission that visited Bolivia and Peru briefly in to "investigate the effects of chewing the coca leaf and the possibilities of limiting its production and controlling its distribution.
The coca leaf is listed on Schedule I of the Single Convention together with cocaine and heroin.
The legally unnecessary step of supporting the change was taken formally by Spain, Ecuador, Venezuela, and Costa Rica. The company manufactures pure cocaine for medical use and also produces a cocaine-free extract of the coca leaf, which is used as a flavoring ingredient in Coca-Cola.
They shall destroy the coca bushes if illegally cultivated" Article 26and that, "Coca leaf chewing must be abolished within twenty-five years from the coming into force of this Convention" Article 49, 2. International prohibition of coca leaf[ edit ] Coca leaf is the raw material for the manufacture of the drug cocaine, a powerful stimulant and anaesthetic extracted chemically from large quantities of coca leaves.
However, the possession of living plants of the genus Erythroxylon is not actively prosecuted, even though they are legally forbidden. In South America coca leaf is illegal in both Paraguay and Brazil.
Possession of a Schedule I substance is illegal and trafficking can result in punishment up to life imprisonment. The cultivation, sale, and possession of unprocessed coca leaf but not of any processed form of cocaine is generally legal in the countries — such as Bolivia, Peru, Chile and Argentina — where traditional use is established, although cultivation is often restricted in an attempt to control the production of cocaine.Description.
The coca plant resembles a blackthorn bush, and grows to a height of 2 to 3 metres (7 to 10 feet). The branches are straight, and the leaves are thin, opaque, oval, and taper at the extremities. A marked characteristic of the leaf is an areolated portion bounded by two longitudinal curved lines, one line on each side of the midrib, and.
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